Helping a student succeed in a research project can be satisfying to both tutor and student. Most handbooks have good material on the research process.
are some key strategies to keep in mind, however--steps that not all textbooks
or professors emphasize--that can smooth the process and positively affect
A research proposal whether it is formally written or not is a critical component.
working outline guides the studentís investigation.
This outline changes daily, hourly, as the student uncovers
information that he may not previously have considered.
researchers like to photocopy source material,
although there are some inherent dangers in the method.
in the research process material is usually organized by which source it
comes from. However, when the
student is ready to write the first draft, the cards should be rearranged
so that all material on a particular topic is together. This is why the
headings on the cards (which are also the headings on the outline) are so
critically important. Once cards
are arranged by topic, itís easy to sequence the information, make a
final outline, and begin to draft the text of the paper.
is also useful to keep a research journal during the research
process to record thoughts and keep a record of activities.
Helping students understand the importance of categorizing information as they gather it is the best gift you as a tutor can give them. The working outline, used as a roadmap for the research journey, enables students to select or reject information as they proceed with their research/reading.